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Dimer formation and transcription activation in the sporulation response regulator Spo0A

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Rick Lewis, Dr David Scott

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Abstract

The response regulator Spo0A is the master control element in the initiation of sporulation in Bacillus subtilis. Like many other multi-domain response regulators, the latent activity of the effector, C-terminal domain is stimulated by phosphorylation on a conserved aspartic acid residue in the regulatory, N-terminal domain. If a threshold concentration of phosphorylated Spo0A is achieved, the transcription of genes required for sporulation is activated, whereas the genes encoding stationary phase sentinels are repressed, and sporulation proceeds. Despite detailed genetic, biochemical and structural characterisation, it is not understood how the phosphorylation signal in the receiver domain is transduced into DNA binding and transcription activation in the distal effector domain. An obstacle to our understanding of Spo0A function is the uncertainty concerning changes in quaternary structure that accompany phosphorylation. Here we have revisited this question and shown unequivocally that Spo0A forms dimers upon phosphorylation and that the subunit interactions in the dimer are mediated principally by the receiver domain. Purified dimers of two mutants of Spo0A, in which the phosphorylatable aspartic acid residue has been substituted, activate transcription from the spoIIG promoter in vitro, whereas monomers do not. This suggests that dimers represent the activated form of Spo0A.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Lewis RJ, Scott DJ, Brannigan JA, Ladds JC, Cervin MA, Spiegelman GB, Hoggett JA, Barák I, Wilkinson AJ

Publication type: Article

Journal: Journal of Molecular Biology

Year: 2002

Volume: 316

Issue: 2

Pages: 253-245

ISSN (print): 0022-2836

ISSN (electronic): 1089-8638

Publisher: Academic Press

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jmbi.2001.5331

DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.2001.5331


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