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Trp22, Trp24, and Tyr8 play a pivotal role in the binding of the family 10 cellulose-binding module from Pseudomonas xylanase A to insoluble ligands

Lookup NU author(s): Lorand Szabo, Tibor Nagy, Professor Harry Gilbert

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Abstract

Aromatic amino acids are believed to play a pivotal role in carbohydrate-binding proteins, by forming hydrophobic stacking interactions with the sugar rings of their target ligands. Family 10 cellulose-binding modules (CBM1 Os), present in a number of cellulases and xylanases expressed by Pseudomonas fluorescens subsp. cellulosa, contain two tyrosine and three tryptophan residues which are highly conserved. To investigate whether these amino acids play an important role in the interaction of CBM10 from P. fluorescens subsp. cellulosa xylanase A (Pf Xyn10A) with cellulose, each of these residues was changed to alanine in CBM10 expressed as a discrete module or fused to the catalytic domain of Pf Xyn10A (CBM10-CD), and the capacity of the mutant proteins of CBM10-CD to bind the polysaccharide was evaluated. The data showed that W22A, W24A, and Y8A bound very weakly to cellulose compared to the wild-type protein, while Y12A retained its capacity to interact with the glucose polymer. When the W7A mutation was introduced into CBM10 the protein domain did not accumulate in Escherichia coli. In contrast, the W7A mutant of CBM10-CD was efficiently expressed in E. coli, although the protein bound very weakly to cellulose. NMR spectra of wild-type CBM10, W22A, and W24A were very similar, suggesting that the mutations did not significantly affect the protein fold. Titration of wild-type CBM10, W22A, and W24A with N- bromosuccinimide indicated that Trp22 and Trp24 were on the surface of the protein, while Trp7 was buried. Collectively, these data indicate that Trp22, Trp24, and Tyr8 play a direct role in the binding of Pf Xyn10A CBM10 to cellulose. The results are discussed in the light of the three-dimensional structure of CBM10 [Raghothama, S., Simpson, P. J., Szabo, L., Nagy, T., Gilbert, H. J., and Williamson, M.P. (2000) Biochemistry 39, 978-984].


Publication metadata

Author(s): Ponyi T, Szabo L, Nagy T, Orosz L, Simpson PJ, Williamson MP, Gilbert HJ

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Biochemistry

Year: 2000

Volume: 39

Issue: 5

Pages: 985-991

ISSN (print): 0006-2960

ISSN (electronic): 1520-4995

Publisher: American Chemical Society

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/bi9921642

DOI: 10.1021/bi9921642

PubMed id: 10653642


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